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Discover 35 Astonishing Facts About The Sun

The sun is an important object of study for astronomers and space scientists, and we continue to learn more about this fascinating star every day

The sun is a massive celestial body located at the centre of our solar system. It is a huge ball of hot plasma that provides light and heat to all the planets in our solar system.

Sun is very important for every living being on Earth as it provides us with light, heat, and energy. It is due to the sun that there is a living world on earth. Without the sun no life is possible on earth.
But how much do you really know about this important part of our world? Here are some interesting facts about the sun that will surprise you.

Interesting Fun Facts About The Sun

  • Scientists believe that the Sun originated about 4.6 billion years ago.
  • The gravity of the sun is 28 times more than the earth, which means that if your weight is only 7 kg above the earth, then after going over the sun, you will be 196 kg. 
  • The gravitational force of the Sun is so powerful that the planet Pluto, 6 billion kilometres away, is also rotating in its orbit.
  • Ever since the birth of the sun, the sun has revolved around the galaxy only 20 times, it takes 2500 lakh years to complete a single rotation.
  • If we assume that the brightness of the sun does not reach the earth one day, then the earth will freeze completely like snow in a few hours.
  • The true colour of the sun is white because of its atmosphere, it looks yellow.
  • After 5 billion 40 crore years from now, all the hydrogen inside the sun will be gone and from here the sun will start dying.
  • After the entire hydrogen burn of the Sun, its helium will start burning later.
  • When the helium of the Sun starts burning, the size of the Sun will increase and for this reason Venus, Mercury and Earth will be swallowed inside it.
  • During a solar eclipse, the moon temporarily blocks the sun’s light and creates a unique and stunning phenomenon. Despite being located an incredible 150 million kilometres away, the sun’s rays are still intense enough to make their presence felt on Earth.
  • Over 800 billion neutrons left by the sun are passing over our bodies at any time of the day and night.
  • The Milky Way galaxy is home to an estimated 20 million stars, making it an incredibly vast and awe-inspiring place. Among these countless stars is one that holds a special place in our hearts, the sun.
  • One of the most surprising facts about the sun is that sun weighs 99.24% of the entire solar system.
  • If the size of the sun is reduced to the size of a football, and the size of Jupiter to the size of a golf ball, then in that case the size of our earth will be less than the size of a pea.
  • The Milky Way galaxy also has 5% stars that are larger and brighter than the sun.
  • Scientists believe that the Sun is an incredibly powerful and massive celestial body, and even the smallest part as the tip of a pencil is sufficient to burn you, which is of the strangest facts about Sun.
  • The distance of the sun from the earth is 147.41 million km, but how fast is the speed of light that it takes only 8 minutes 20 seconds to reach the top of the earth?
  • In Sanskrit, one of the oldest and most sophisticated languages in the world, the sun has been given a total of 108 names, each reflecting its various aspects and characteristics.
Fun Facts About The Sun
Sun is 109 times larger in diameter than the Earth and 330,000 times heavier.

Astonishing Facts About Our Favourite Star

  • The sun is completely made up of 74 per cent hydrogen and 24 per cent helium, and the rest of the sun is comprised of heavy elements such as oxygen, carbon, iron and neon.
  • The temperature of the outer surface of the sun is 5600 degrees Celsius, but the temperature inside the inner part of the sun is 15 million degrees Celsius.
  • The phenomenon of the solar eclipse is formed when the moon comes between the sun and the earth and this condition can remain for at least 20 minutes.
  • The mass of the sun is about 1.989 x 10 ^ 30 kg.
  • Every second the sun produces 10 million tons of hydrogen, and 69.5 million tons of helium and the remaining 5 million tons turn into gamma rays
  • The pressure of the inner part of the sun is 340 times the pressure of the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Light takes 5 hours and 30 minutes to reach Pluto from the sun.
  • The diameter of the sun is 1,392,684 km i.e. 109 times larger than the Earth
  • A nuclear fusion reaction takes place inside the sun, it is exactly like the reaction that occurs when a hydrogen bomb explodes.
  • If all the energy of one hour of the sun is converted into electricity with the help of solar plates, then it can fulfil one year’s power consumption of the world.
  • The sun is so big that if it is hollowed out and the earth is inserted into it, then 103 million piles of the earth are included in it.
  • The topmost surface of the Sun is called the photosphere, the middle surface is the chromosphere, and the innermost surface is called the corona.
  • The largest solar storm ever recorded hit the sun in 2003, and it was so powerful that astronomers were forced to seek safe shelter. Despite its immense size, the 2003 solar storm did not cause any significant harm to Earth.
  • In 1973 Skylab became the first manned space station. It sent a photo of the sun to the earth.
  • 5500 degrees Celsius is the upper surface temperature of the Sun. The centre of the Sun is around 15 million degrees Celsius hot.
  • Surya [i.e. Sun Rays] is a natural hospital. The rays of the sun have amazing curative power. From morning to evening, the sun destroys many disease-producing germs with its rays, which have immense reserves of medicinal properties. 
  • According to the belief of Chinese people, the doctor does go to the house where the sunlight does not go.
  • Arctic Circle is also known as the “Midnight Country” due to its incredible natural phenomenon, the Midnight Sun. During the months of May to July, the sun does not set for an incredible 76 days.

In conclusion, the sun is a magnificent and essential star that plays a vital role in our solar system. Its immense size, energy, and gravity make it the centre of our solar system, providing the light and heat that sustain life on Earth.

From its enormous core to its swirling outer atmosphere, the sun is full of fascinating facts and phenomena that continue to captivate scientists and the public alike.

Understanding the sun’s behaviour and its impact on our planet is crucial for predicting and mitigating the effects of solar storms, which can have significant impacts on our technology-dependent society. A sun is truly a remarkable object and we should all take the time to appreciate its importance and beauty.

If you have any other questions, or doubts or do you know any other interesting & random facts about the Sun, then feel free to leave your thoughts in the comments section below! We will reply as soon as possible. And please visit our Telegram, Twitter, Pinterest And Facebook pages for more Fun Facts.

Abhishek Pratap Singh
Abhishek Pratap Singh
Articles: 54

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